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Why can’t my child speak clearly? Why your
child may not qualify for speech services?
Type of Special Need
D y s a r t h i a
School Term :(SLD
- Specific Learning Disability)
This condition is a weakness of the muscles used for
What to look for:
The child might speak in a whisper, have slurred
speech or appear to be talking through his nose. There may also be
other physical problems related to their being unable to control their
muscle movement. Children with
often have dysarthia.
People who can
Dysarthia is a speech disorder
that results from weakness and/or in coordination of the nerves and muscles
that control speech. Dysarthria can be caused by progressive neurological
diseases such as Parkinson's or Lou Gehrig's disease; or by conditions such
as stroke or head injuries.
Symptoms: In dysarthria,
the speech mechanisms that control respiration, voice production, resonation
and articulation are affected. Many individuals with dysarthric speech
patterns also have difficulty swallowing. Dysarthric speech ranges from
being slightly distorted to unintelligible. Persons with dysarthia are
usually able to understand spoken and written language.
Treatment and Rehabilitation:
Speech therapy programs, which teach individuals ways to improve overall
speech intelligibility, can be effective. In more severe dysarthria
augmentative communication devices, such as picture boards, computers and
speech synthesizers, may be helpful.
Be a careful, patient listener. Allow extra time for
Reduce background noise that
may compete with the person's speech.
Consider using augmentative
communication devices for the person with severe dysarthria.
Observe facial expressions,
body language, and lip and tongue movements to enhance your
Encourage the person with
dysarthria to modify this speech pattern. This can be done by asking him
to speak slower, louder and in short sentences.
Consult a licensed
Care Giver PA at