condition is a lack of development in planning of physical movement and
organization. The affected motor problems result in difficulties in
academic learning and also in daily life skills. This may be seen in
delayed crawling, walking etc. They often have difficulty coping with
multi-sensory stimuli and can feel pain from too much sound or visual
stimuli. Children with dyspraxia often appear to be above average verbally
and this can lead teachers to believe they are more competent than they
What to look
In school the
child will usually have difficulties in handwriting, in physical education,
in tying shoelaces etc. He/she may knock over or drop things easily.
Getting all the items he/she needs out of his schoolbag can require a great
deal of effort. The child can be of high/satisfactory ability in verbal
skills but writing/gross motor skills can be very poor. This child can
appear to be lacking in concentration and motivation and ‘lazy’.
There is an overlap
between dyspraxia and other developmental problems such as dyslexia.
Dyspraxia and dyslexia
overlap and often co-exist in the same person. Dyspraxia is an impairment of
the organisation of movement that is often accompanied by problems with
language, perception and thought. Dyslexia is primarily a difficulty with
learning to read, write and spell and is often accompanied by other other
problems such as poor organisational skills. The pattern of difficulties
experienced by a person with dyspraxia may vary widely as with dyslexia.
There may also be
overlaps with conditions such as ADD (Attention Deficit Disorder), ADHD
(Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder), Asperger's Syndrome and
Dyscalculia (difficulty with mathematical concepts). Some people with
dyspraxia have tactile defensiveness - they are over-sensitive to touch.
Others may have articulatory dyspraxia, which causes difficulties with
speaking and pronunciation.
What Is Developmental
Dyspraxia is a neurologically based disorder, a motor planning difficulty
present from birth. It is believed to be an immaturity of parts of the motor
cortex (area of the brain) that prevents messages from being properly
transmitted to the body.
There are three (3)
types of Developmental Dyspraxia. Oral Dyspraxia, Verbal Dyspraxia
(DVD), and Motor Dyspraxia. The three variations effect approximately 5% of
the population with approximately 70% of those effected being boys.
Oral Dyspraxia causes
children not to be able to reproduce mouth movements. When asked to put
their tongue up to the top of their mouth a child with oral Dyspraxia may
not be able to, even though they do this unconsciously.
Developmental Verbal Dyspraxia have difficulty in making sounds or making
sounds into words. For example, a child with DVD might have trouble
producing sounds in the beginning, middle or end of words such as 'sh'. When
trying to say "shop" it might come out as bop, regardless of how hard they
try to produce the sound/word correctly..
inhibits an individual from moving as planned and organising sensory input.
Children with Motor Dyspraxia appear to be clumsy, but don't confuse a
clumsy child with a child that has Motor Dyspraxia. While some refer to
Motor Dyspraxia as "Clumsy Child Syndrome" they Are Not the same
are usually of average or above intelligence. As you can imagine, having
Dyspraxia and not being able to get your body to do what you want it to do,
when you want it to do it, (i.e. talk properly or throw a ball correctly)
can be very frustrating to a child.
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